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Implementing Web2Py+Pygal 2.0.

 

This recipe shows how to create beautiful charts with the help of pygal, an open source SVG charting. 

 

Why pygal (http://pygal.org/)?

Pygal is a dynamic SVG charting library, It features various graph types:

Bar charts, Line charts, XY charts, Pie charts, Radar charts, Dot charts, Pyramid charts, Funnel charts and Gauge charts.

And much more... Do you can create your own custom Python/Css styling or use the packaged themes (default, light, neon, clean, dark_solarized, light_solarized)

...And a lot of options to customize the charts.

Installing pygal

easy_install pygal

IMPORTANT: If you have an old pygal version, please Upgrade it:  

 pip install pygal  --upgrade

Controller (defaul.py)

def index():
    plot_pygal= URL('default', 'plot_pygal')
    return dict(plot_pygal=plot_pygal)


def plot_pygal():
    #Please serve pygal-tooltips.min.js from your local server: http://kozea.github.com/pygal.js/latest/pygal-tooltips.min.js
    response.files.append(URL('default','static/js/pygal-tooltips.min.js'))
    response.headers['Content-Type']='image/svg+xml'
    import pygal
    from pygal.style import CleanStyle    
    bar_chart = pygal.Bar(style=CleanStyle)                            # Then create a bar graph object
    bar_chart.add('Fibonacci', [0, 1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21, 34, 55])  # Add some values    
    return bar_chart.render()

View (index.html)  

<figure>
  <embed type="image/svg+xml" src="{{=plot_pygal}}" />
</figure>

Results

UPDATE

 

Creating impressive charts customizing the styles

 

IMPORTANT: If you have an old pygal version, please Upgrade it:  

 pip install pygal  --upgrade

 

Controller (default.py)

def index():
    chart = URL('default', 'chart')
    return dict(chart=chart)

# See the Doc's for more info and options of customize: http://www.pygal.org/en/latest/documentation/custom_styles.html
def chart():
    #Please serve this file locally, download at: http://kozea.github.com/pygal.js/latest/pygal-tooltips.min.js
    response.files.append(URL('default','static/js/pygal-tooltips.min.js'))  
    response.headers['Content-Type']='image/svg+xml'
    import pygal
    from pygal.style import Style

    custom_style = Style(
        background='transparent',
        plot_background='transparent',
        foreground='#53E89B',
        foreground_strong='#53A0E8',
        foreground_subtle='#630C0D',
        opacity='.6',
        opacity_hover='.9',
        transition='400ms ease-in',
        colors=('#E853A0', '#E8537A', '#E95355', '#E87653', '#E89B53')
        )

    chart = pygal.StackedLine(fill=True, interpolate='cubic', style=custom_style, )
    chart.add('A', [1, 3,  5, 16, 13, 3,  7])
    chart.add('B', [5, 2,  3,  2,  5, 7, 17])
    chart.add('C', [6, 10, 9,  7,  3, 1,  0])
    chart.add('D', [2,  3, 5,  9, 12, 9,  5])
    chart.add('E', [7,  4, 2,  1,  2, 10, 0])
    chart.render()  
    return chart.render()

View (index.html)

 
{{extend 'layout.html'}}

<h1>Scale 30%</h1>
<figure>
  <embed style='width:30%;' class='img-responsive col-xs-12' type="image/svg+xml" src="{{=chart}}" />
</figure>

<h1>Scale 50%</h1>
<figure>
  <embed style='width:50%;' class='img-responsive col-xs-12' type="image/svg+xml" src="{{=chart}}" />
</figure>

<h1>Scale 100%</h1>
<figure>
  <embed type="image/svg+xml" src="{{=chart}}" />
</figure>

 

 

Related slices

Comments (12)

  • Login to post



  • 0
    ranjan 8 years ago
    It does worked for me.
    I have also tried using
    <embed src="{{=URL(plot_pygal)}}" type="image/svg+xml" />

    it works fine, but the hover effect is not working as demonstrated in

    http://pygal.org/first_steps/

    replies (1)
    • write2ariya 7 years ago

      svg.jquery.js is a key for hover effect. I've solved by include it.


  • 0
    write2ariya 7 years ago

    hi ranjan

     

    You have to include 

    <script type="text/javascript" src="http://kozea.github.com/pygal.js/javascripts/svg.jquery.js"></script>
    <script type="text/javascript" src="http://kozea.github.com/pygal.js/javascripts/pygal-tooltips.js"></script>
     
    for you view for hover effect tooltip
     
     

  • 0
    jocla123k 7 years ago

    Hi write2ariya

    You have managed to place these graphics in html?

    Embedding in a web page?

     

    replies (1)
    • write2ariya 7 years ago

      hi jocia, Did you solved your problem yet?


  • 0
    jocla123k 7 years ago

    write2ariya can u help me?


  • 0
    abraindump 7 years ago

    [Hover Effect Part 2]

    Then using the example controller code from the slice you must specify where the JS files are.  See the references to Config below.  Create the Config object, set the JS locations then pass the Config to the chart. 

    def plot_pygal(): 
        response.headers['Content-Type']='image/svg+xml'
        Config = pygal.Config()
        Config.js = ['https://<IP>:8000/<appname>/static/js/svg.jquery.js',
                     'https://<IP>:8000/<appname>/static/js/pygal-tooltips.js']
        bar_chart = pygal.Bar(Config, style=CleanStyle)      # Then create a bar graph object
        bar_chart.add('Fibonacci', [0, 1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21, 34, 55])  # Add some values       return bar_chart.render()
    Now when you display the chart hovering over any bar will display the value.
     

     


  • 0
    abraindump 7 years ago
    The hover effect does not work in web2py because the required javascript files are hosted on an insecure server at github.  To solve this problem you must host the two requred JS files on your web2py server.
     
    Download and save these two JS files to your web2py server/applicaitons/static/js folder.
    http://kozea.github.com/pygal.js/javascripts/svg.jquery.js
    http://kozea.github.com/pygal.js/javascripts/pygal-tooltips.js
     
    Make sure the file permsissions are correct.  On linux set the owner to web2py.  Verify you can access these two files from your browser.
    https://<IP>:8000/<appname>/static/js/svg.jquery.js
    https://<IP>:8000/<appname>/static/js/pygal-tooltips.js
    ...see next comment...

  • 0
    abraindump 7 years ago

    Hover Fix. Save 2 files in web2py app/static/js folder.
    http://kozea.github.com/pygal.js/javascripts/svg.jquery.js
    http://kozea.github.com/pygal.js/javascripts/pygal-tooltips.js
    chown web2py.  Test them from your browser.  See all references to Config.

    def plot_pygal():
        response.headers['Content-Type']='image/svg+xml'
        Config = pygal.Config()
        Config.js = ['https://<IP>:8000/<appname>/static/js/svg.jquery.js',
                     'https://<IP>:8000/<appname>/static/js/pygal-tooltips.js']
        bar_chart = pygal.Bar(Config, style=CleanStyle)    # Then create a bar graph object
        bar_chart.add('Fibonacci', [0, 1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21, 34, 55]) # Add some values    
        return bar_chart.render()

  • 0
    abraindump 7 years ago
    pygal hover fix! Add files to web2py app/static/js folder
    chmod web2py. browse to them. See ref to Config
    def plot_pygal():
        response.headers['Content-Type']='image/svg+xml'
        Config = pygal.Config()
        Config.js = ["https://<IP>:8000/<app>/static/js/svg.jquery.js",
                     "https://<IP>:8000/<app>/static/js/pygal-tooltips.js"]
        bar_chart = pygal.Bar(Config, style=CleanStyle)
        bar_chart.add('Fibonacci', [0, 1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21, 34, 55])
        return bar_chart.render()
    

     


  • 0
    abraindump 7 years ago
    pygal hover fix! Add files to web2py app/static/js folder
    chmod web2py. browse to them. See ref to Config
    def plot_pygal():
        response.headers['Content-Type']='image/svg+xml'
        Config = pygal.Config()
        Config.js = ["https://<IP>:8000/<app>/static/js/svg.jquery.js",
                     "https://<IP>:8000/<app>/static/js/pygal-tooltips.js"]
        bar_chart = pygal.Bar(Config, style=CleanStyle)
        bar_chart.add('Fibonacci', [0, 1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21, 34, 55])
        return bar_chart.render()

     


  • 0
    sif-baksh-10957 6 years ago

    Question trying to get this to work my self

    pie.html

    <script type="text/javascript" src="http://kozea.github.com/pygal.js/javascripts/svg.jquery.js"></script>
    <script type="text/javascript" src="http://kozea.github.com/pygal.js/javascripts/pygal-tooltips.js"></script>
    {{extend 'layout.html'}}
    <h1>This is the examples/pie.html template</h1>
    
    <embed src="{{=URL(pie)}}" type="image/svg+xml" />
    

     


  • 0
    sif-baksh-10957 6 years ago

    More 

    my controller:

    import pygal
    
    def pie():
        response.headers['Content-Type']='image/svg+xml'
        pie_chart = pygal.Pie(width=400)
        pie_chart.title = 'Browser usage in February 2012 (in %)'
        pie_chart.add('IE', 39.5)
        pie_chart.add('Firefox', 26.6)
        pie_chart.add('Chrome', 26.3)
        pie_chart.add('Safari', 4.5)
        pie_chart.add('Opera', 2.3)
        return pie_chart.render()
    

     

    What am I doing wrong?


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